South Australia is responsible for nearly 50% of Australia’s annual crush. It is home to Australia’s, and some of the worlds, oldest vines. The Barossa Valley and Mclaren Vale are warmer mediterranean climates with the Coonawarra, Clare Valley and Adelaide Hills being slightly cooler. Mainly dark cracking clay, clay loams and sandy soils dominate throughout except down south in the Coonawarra where it has its famous terra rossa to be thankful for. Shiraz is star in this part of Australia but don’t let this fool you into thinking that it is all they do.